Could your child have attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)? The disorder has been diagnosed in more than 6 million children in the U.S., according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. A visit to your child's Moline, IL, pediatricians, Drs. Nafees Khan and David Bunker, is the first step in determining if your son or daughter has ADHD.
What is the difference between ADD and ADHD?
Attention-deficit disorder (ADD) and ADHD are the same disorder. The name was changed to ADHD in the late 1980s, but it's taken a while for the new name to achieve acceptance among the general public.
What are the signs and symptoms of ADHD?
Children who have ADHD may find it difficult to sit still for even short periods of time, which can make school a challenge. When these children are forced to remain in their seats, they may fidget and squirm constantly.
Although the word "hyperactive" is included in the title of the disorder, a child may have ADHD even if he or she doesn't display any signs of hyperactivity. Other symptoms of ADHD may include:
- Difficulty Paying Attention: Daydreaming can be a problem with kids who have ADHD, particularly if they're bored at school.
- Impulse Control Difficulties: Taking turns and waiting in line can be very difficult for some children who have the disorder. Other signs of impulse control problems can include aggressive behavior, inappropriate comments, trouble following rules or acting out.
- Constant Chatter: Does your child receive frequent warnings about talking in class? Kids who have ADHD may find it difficult to remain silent for even a few minutes.
- Homework Issues: Your child may lose homework, fail to complete it, or even forget to turn in completed work.
What treatment options are available for ADHD in the Moline area?
Medication isn't the only option if your son or daughter is diagnosed with ADHD. In fact, behavioral therapy can be very beneficial and provide your child with coping skills and strategies that make following the rules at school and home much easier. Joining a social skills group may also be a good option if your child has difficulty making or keeping friends due to ADHD. Medication is usually only recommended if these options aren't helpful.
Have you noticed any of these common ADHD signs? Call Drs. Khan and Bunker, your child's pediatricians in Moline, IL, at (309) 762-0777 to schedule an appointment.
With the rise of newly diagnosed cases of type 1 and type 2 diabetes in children in the US, it’s now more important than ever for both parents and children to understand ways to prevent diabetes, as well as being able to identify the symptoms of type 1 and type 2 diabetes. A pediatrician is an integral part of your child’s health, providing everything from screenings and vaccines to routine checkups and lifestyle recommendations to ensure that your child stays healthy.
What is diabetes?
Diabetes is a chronic condition that affects glucose levels in the body. When the cells in the pancreas responsible for making insulin do not produce enough insulin or are insulin resistant, this results in diabetes.
Type 1 diabetes is most often diagnosed during childhood and is not the result of a poor diet or being overweight. In those with Type 1 diabetes the cells in the pancreas are unable to produce enough insulin. Unfortunately, there is no way to prevent type 1 diabetes in children.
On the other hand, type 2 diabetes is also becoming increasingly common in children because of the high rates of obesity. Type 2 diabetes means that the body doesn’t use insulin properly. Ensuring that your child eats right, gets regular exercise and maintains a healthy weight can greatly reduce your child’s risk for type 2 diabetes.
What are the symptoms of childhood diabetes?
Symptoms of type 1 diabetes will appear suddenly, while type 2 symptoms will develop over time. Symptoms may include:
- Excessive thirst
- Increased hunger
- Frequent urination
- Extreme tiredness
- Mood swings
- Blurred vision
- Sudden weight loss
- Cuts or sores that don’t heal
- Dark patches of skin
If you notice any of these symptoms in your child it’s best to see a pediatrician right away. The sooner a diagnosis is made the sooner your child can get the proper medication and treatment they need to manage their blood sugar levels. By managing your child’s diabetes right away our doctors can prevent potentially serious complications and hospitalizations.
How is diabetes treated?
There are a variety of lifestyle modifications and medications that will be recommended to help treat your child’s type 1 or type 2 diabetes. For both forms of diabetes, a healthy diet and active lifestyle are paramount. Talk with your doctor about what foods your child should avoid. You will also want to monitor your child’s glucose levels during the day to make sure that the insulin medication is working effectively.
All children should visit their pediatricians regularly for checkups, vaccines and care. Of course, if your child displays any symptoms of diabetes, call our office immediately.
An ear infection is one of the most common infections that children have to deal with. In fact, most children will experience at least one ear infection by the time they are five years old. Of course, it’s important to understand the telltale signs of an ear infection, as well as know how to treat the infection and when you should turn to a pediatrician for care.
An ear infection isn’t contagious and usually isn’t a cause for concern; however, you will want to monitor your child’s symptoms to make sure problems aren’t getting worse or don’t warrant seeing a doctor. In many instances, a child may develop an ear infection after they’ve had a cold.
Signs and Symptoms of an Ear Infection
So, how will you know if your child has an ear infection? Children who are old enough to talk will certainly be able to let you know that they are experiencing an earache or pain; however, a baby or toddler won’t be able to tell you that they are experiencing an earache. Therefore, signs that your baby might have an ear infection include:
- Increased fussiness
- A fever
- Pulling at the ears
- Crying or tantrums, particularly when lying down
- Having difficulty hearing noises or not responding to sounds
- Fluid draining from the ears
So, when should you wait out an infection and when should you call a pediatrician? You should give your child’s doctor a call if they have an ear infection and they are also experiencing:
- A rash
- Difficulty hearing
- Ear swelling
You should also turn to a doctor for care if your child:
- Has an ear infection and they are under 6 months old
- Is in significant pain or still experiences pain after two days of taking ibuprofen
- Also has other serious health problems
How is an ear infection treated?
In most cases an ear infection will go away on its own. If your child isn’t in significant pain and they don’t have a high fever your pediatrician may tell you to wait a couple of days to see if symptoms improve. If symptoms remain or get worse then you should bring them back to the doctor’s office.
While antibiotics are not normally prescribed to treat an ear infection they may be used if your child has a very high fever, is in significant pain or if their ear infection hasn’t improved within 48 hours. It’s important not to give your child any over-the-counter medications without first talking with your pediatrician.
Millions of children across the US regularly participate in some kind of sport. No matter whether your child is a dancer, gymnast, soccer player, or football player, the goals of parents are always the same: to keep their child healthy and to prevent injury. Having a pediatrician that you turn to regularly for care is invaluable, as this trusted medical doctor can also provide you and your child with guidance and counseling to ensure that you are taking all the precautionary measures necessary to prevent sports-related injuries in your little one.
Caring for Childhood Sports Injuries
With millions of kids also visiting the hospitals every year for sports-related injuries it’s important to acknowledge that the need for proper injury prevention practices is particularly crucial for children and teens. The most common sports-related injuries include repetitive motion injuries (e.g. tendonitis), ankle sprains, broken bones, and concussions.
Since many of these conditions are the result of overuse rather than injury symptoms may appear gradually over time. Therefore, it’s important to listen to your child when they complain about pain or other issues they are having. It’s also important that kids have ample time to rest and heal. If they don’t this can also put unnecessary stress the body and leave them prone to injury.
Minor sports injuries can often be treated with rest and home care. The RICE method is often used for treating minor to moderate sports injuries. RICE stands for rest, ice, compression, and elevation. Children may also find relief through non-steroidal anti-inflammatory medications such as ibuprofen, but it’s important to talk with your pediatrician before starting your child on any new medication.
While you may wish to treat your child’s symptoms at home it’s also important to know when to turn to a pediatrician. Call your child’s doctor if their symptoms do not improve with at-home care, if symptoms get worse, or if their symptoms affect their training. These symptoms also require immediate medical attention:
- Severe pain and swelling
- Deformity (e.g. a misaligned bone)
- Numbness, tingling or weakness
- Trouble walking or putting weight on the injured part of the body
As any pediatrician will tell you, it’s always better to prevent injuries than to treat them once they arise. There are a variety of measures you can put in place to reduce your child’s risk for injury. These injury-prevention tips include:
- Making sure that your child gets a physical exam from their pediatrician at least once a year to make sure that they are healthy enough for physical activity.
- Make sure that your child is getting ample training throughout the year so that once the season rolls around their body will be ready for the demands of their chosen sport.
- Make sure that your child is wearing the appropriate footwear and protective gear. This includes helmets, mouthguards, shin guards, and other padding.
- Your child should also stretch and warm-up for at least 10-15 minutes prior to game time. A proper warm-up can greatly reduce injury.
If your child is experiencing pain, swelling or other problems as a result of a sports injury don’t hesitate to give your pediatrician a call today. Catching and treating sports injuries right away can prevent further complications.
Find out the causes and treatment options for childhood acne.
While acne is one of the most common skin disorders, we most often associate acne with adolescence. Of course, adults can also struggle to get acne under control; however, what about children? It might seem hard to imagine, but even young children can develop acne. Is your little one dealing with this pediatric issue? Our pediatricians in Moline, IL, Dr. Nafees Khan and Dr. David Bunker can give you the answers you’re looking for:
What causes acne?
There are many reasons why acne can develop. The most common cause is clogged pores due to an overproduction of oil and dead skin cells. Bacteria on the surface of the skin can also get trapped within the pores. Children that are close to puberty, as well as teens, may experience acne as a result of hormonal changes.
What are the different kinds of acne?
Acne comes in many different forms and the kind of acne your child is dealing with will help our Moline, IL, pediatric doctor determine the most effective treatment option. Here are the different types of acne:
- Comedone: whiteheads and blackheads are common comedones caused by oil trapped within the hair follicles
- Pustules: pus-filled, tender bumps that are close to the skin’s surface
- Papules: tiny but deep bumps caused by clogged pores (a sign of inflammatory acne)
- Nodules: very deep, large hard bumps that lie under the skin
- Cyst: a pus-filled nodule
Acne can develop anywhere on the body but are most commonly found on the face, shoulders, back, chest, and neck. If your child is experiencing persistent, severe, or recurring acne symptoms it’s important that you see your children’s doctor for an evaluation.
How is childhood acne treated?
Treating acne takes time and there may be some trial and error in finding the right medication or treatment for your child’s acne. The treatment plan we create for your child will depend on certain factors, including:
- Your child’s age
- Their overall health
- Their symptoms
- The type of acne
- The severity of their symptoms
Common treatment options include:
- Simple extractions performed by their doctor to drain the pimple, nodule or cyst
- Over-the-counter lotions, gels, or cleanser designed to treat acne-prone skin
- Prescription oral or topical medications such as retinoids
Give us a call
The doctors here at Franklin Pediatrics provide comprehensive medical care to children of all ages living in and around Moline, IL. If your child is experiencing symptoms of acne, then call our office for an evaluation: (309) 762-0777.
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